Main Entrance View

VOIDS. Although the competition site is formed by different type of structures as the two thermal power plants (Unit 4 and 5), the dematerialized water tank, the detention pond, the intake pumping facility among other exterior facilities our aim is to design a unitary cultural space. Moreover, due to the fragmentation of each thermal plant in different parts as the turbine room, the control room, the boiler room, the smoke exhaustion equipment, the exhaust stack, the transformer, the switchyard, it is required a holistic approach.​​​​​​​
VOIDS: Turbine and boiler rooms are structured around voids. (Unit 4 & Unit 5)
Our design starts from the interior to the exterior. From the powerful interior spaces to the surrounding environment. With that in mind, we proposed to enhance the vertical voids including in the boiler and turbine rooms. These two spaces are considered the most representative parts of the thermal power plants, together with the exhaust stack and the smoke exhaustion equipment. In fact, the thermal power plants are fragmented in two exterior volumes according to these interior voids.​​​​​​​

VOIDS - CONNECTIONS: We propose to connect the voids and open them to the exterior spaces.
The symbiosis between industry and art can be developed around the voids. The resulting spaces become a powerful place for contemporary and experimental art. The variety of voids and spaces expand the range of possibilities for exhibition and performance activities. For this reason, all programs are designed around the voids.
The four voids from Unit 4 and 5 contribute to create a monumental space. The 35 meters height of boiler voids becomes a potential space for contemporary art. In some way, the pressure of original steam is replaced by the flow of people participating and creating art. It is the perfect blend between art and industry, between energy and education, between enjoyment and culture.

VOIDS - PROGRAM: The cultural program is developed around the voids.
INDUSTRY AND ART. The exhibition space for contemporary and experimental art has deeply evolved. It is not anymore just a room enclosed by walls. In fact, artists have been searching for new places distant from museums. Danginri Cultural Space is a great opportunity to provide new spaces for contemporary art. The Power plant structure offers a chance for designing a new typology between industry and art.
Our first premise is to transform the two Units and the surrounded facilities in just one system or building. Thus, the narrow space between both units is designed as the main entrance hall. A soft slope takes down the visitors to the level of turbine rooms. For this reason the main access is located at the turbine rooms level. From this point, it is suitable to connect and move inside the two units. Taking advantage of this level, the Hall also has a second access to southwest connecting to the riverside park and the intake pumping facility. As well, the performance space located in Turbine Room of Unit 4, opens to the detention pond.

Axonometric view from South-East orientation
Current ground floor is transformed into an equipped greenhouse. On the one hand, it becomes an ambiguous space between interior and exterior for art exhibition and on the other hand, it works as an energy producer and environmental controller. The greenhouse can work separately from interior exhibition spaces. Moreover, it’s designed as a covered park for enjoyment of alternative art. Trees are planted in the interior of the greenhouse for adiabatic cooling in summer, while the greenhouse effect will help to heat the building in winter.
The interior exhibition and performance spaces are designed around the voids.The four voids can work separately or together as a unique space. They are connected among them and open to the exterior developing new connections and views to Bamseom Island, to riverside park, to detention pond or to the intake pumping facility. In fact, the voids are the catalyst for developing a new place for contemporary and experimental art.
Voids and structure.
Voids and program.
Voids and program.
Access level.
A grid of columns, beams and braces form the structure of the power thermal plant. This isotropic structure is able to adapt and support all facilities required for its operation. From this primary structural grid, a secondary level of structure emerges to bear the machinery, pipes, ducts and other facilities. This secondary type of structures ranges from cantilevers to suspended structures. Mainly, we have classified them in three types: Type 1 (Cantilevers), Type 2 (Sustained) and Type 3 (Suspended). It is important to point out that, secondary structures avoid transmitting vibration or movements to main structure, by the use of springs as Type 3.
Inspired by the flexibility and adaptability of the primary structural grid, the new Danginri Cultural Complex reinterprets its secondary structural level. Rather than supporting pipes, manchinery or ducts, the new secondary structure is now accommodating the cultural program. From the Primary Structural Grid, a system of triangulate structures will solve the transition between the new volumes and the existing structural grid. In some cases, it will be necessary to reinforce Primary Structure. In this sense, the new Danginri Cultural Space is respectful with the original structure and the way it adapts to facilities and equipments.
Originally the thermal power plants interacted with the environment by pumping water from Han River (cooling supply) and by exhausting treated gas to the air. We proposed another type of relation between Danginri Cultural Space and the environment. The lower volumes (turbine rooms) are transformed into a greenhouse for energy production and environment control. Our aim is to design a Zero Energy Building (ZEB). The translucent enclosure will provide energy for heating in winter through greenhouse effect, while the trees planted inside will help to control temperature and humidity through adiabatic cooling in summer with the support of the adjustable greenhouse enclosure (openings for ventilation and rolling canopies for shadow). In this sense, Danginri Cultural Space is reinterpreting a new relation with energy and the environment.
Situation Plan
Greenhouse level is designed as a covered park integrated in surrounding environment. Our aim is to create a unique landscape composed by different parks as the greenhouse, the riverside, the park over the underground parking and the park on the southwest. The narrow space between the two Units, designed as the Main Hall, is open north to main entrance and south to the riverside park and the pumping intake facility. In north entrance (Main Entrance) there is an inclined square giving access to turbine level, while in south entrance there is another square connecting the riverside park, the pumping facility and interior amenities of Unit 5.

Floor plan / Access level
Floor plan / Greenhouse level
Floor plans /  Level +7,30 and Level +22,90 
Floor plans /  Level +30,45 and Level -10,35 (parking and facilities)
Consecutive sections: cross sections through Turbine & Boiler rooms, longitudinal sections and South West elevation
View from Highway
Inner view.
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